Publication Ethics

Publication ethics in IJAR

          The ethical policy of Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Research IJAR is based on the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines and complies with IJAR Editorial Board codes of conduct. Readers, authors, reviewers and editors should follow these ethical policies once working with IJAR. The ethical policy of IJAR is liable to determine which of the typical research papers or articles submitted to the journal should be published in the concerned issue. For information on this matter in publishing and ethical guidelines please visit
  1. IJAR is committing to ensure that editorial decisions on manuscript submissions are the final.
  2. IJAR is promising to ensure that the decision on manuscript submissions is only made based on professional judgment and will not be affected by any commercial interests.
  3. IJAR is committing to maintain the integrity of academic and research records.
  4. IJAR is monitoring the ethics by Editor-in-Chief, Editorial Board Members, Reviewers, Authors, and Readers.
  5. IJAR is always checking the plagiarism and fraudulent data issues involving in the submitted manuscript.
  6. IJAR is always willing to publish corrections, clarifications and retractions involving its publications as and when needed.
  1. The Editor Board of the journal should have the full authority to reject/accept a manuscript.
  2. The Editor Board of IJAR should maintain the confidentiality of submitted manuscripts under review or until they are published.
  3. The Editor Board should take a decision on submitted manuscripts, whether to be published or not with other editors and reviewers.
  4. The Editors of IJAR should preserve the anonymity of reviewers.
  5. The Editor Board of IJAR should maintain academic integrity and strive to meet the needs of readers and authors.
  6. The Editor Board of IJAR should be willing to investigate plagiarism and fraudulent data issues and willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions, and apologies when needed.
  7. The Editor Board of IJAR must not disclose any information about submitted manuscripts to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.
  8. Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted paper will not be used by the editor or the members of the editorial board for their own research purposes without the author’s explicit written consent.
  1. The Reviewers of the journal should assist the Editors in taking the decision for publishing the submitted manuscripts.
  2. The Reviewers should maintain the confidentiality of manuscripts, which they are invited to review.
  3. The Reviewers should provide comments in time that will help editors to make decision on the submitted manuscript to be published or not.
  4. The Reviewers are bound to treat the manuscript received for peer reviewing as confidential, and must not use the information obtained through peer review for personal advantage. 
  5. The Reviewers comments against each invited manuscript should be technical, professional and objective.
  1. Manuscripts must be submitted in Arabic or English and should be written according to sound grammar and proper terminology.
  2. Manuscripts must be submitted with the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere, and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by or any other publisher.
  3. The submitting corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that the manuscript article’s publication has been approved by all the other coauthors.
  4. In order to sustain the peer review system, authors have an obligation to participate in peer review process to evaluate manuscripts from others. 
  5. It is also the authors’ responsibility to ensure that the manuscripts emanating from a particular institution are submitted with the approval of the necessary institution.
  6. Authors are requested to clearly identify who provided financial support for the conduct of research and/or preparation of the manuscript and briefly describe the role of the founder/ sponsor in any part of the work.
  7. A copy right release form must be signed by the corresponding author in case of multiple authorship, prior to the acceptation of the manuscript, by all authors, for publication to be legally responsible towards IJAR ethics and privacy policy.
  8. Under open access license, authors retain ownership of the copyright for their content, but allow anyone to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute, and/or copy the content as long as the original authors and source are cited properly.
  9. All authors have agreed to allow the corresponding author to serve as the correspondent with the editorial office, to review the edited manuscript and proof.
  10. When author(s) discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify IJAR editorial manager to retract or correct the manuscript. 
  11. Ensure that all authors have read the submission final checklist before being submitted to the IJAR.
  1. Peer review process: IJAR is a double-blind peer reviewed electronic and print biannual publication concerned with all aspects of agricultural sciences. This process, as well as any policies related to the journal’s peer review procedures, is clearly described on the IJAR’s Web site
  2. Governing Body: IJAR has very strong editorial board, whose members are recognized experts in the subject areas included within the journal’s scope. The full names and affiliations of the journal’s editors is provided on the journal’s Web site (
  3. Contact information: Journal is provided the contact information for the editorial office of IJAR .
  4. Author fees / Access: The Journal database is fully open access and full text of published articles are available for everyone who can get access to the Journal website free of cost. Besides, the authors should pay article publication fee which is US $ 100. 
  5. Copyright: Journals made clear the type of copyright under which authors work will be published.  Upon acceptance of manuscript, authors will be asked to complete a “Journal Publishing Agreement”.
  6. Identification of and dealing with allegations of research misconduct: Editorial Board takes reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, including plagiarism, citation manipulation, and data falsification/fabrication, among others.
  7. Web site: An IJAR’s Web site  contains that care has been taken to ensure high ethical and professional standards.
  8. Name of journal: The Journal name of Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Research and (IJAR) has unique and not be one that is easily confused with another journal
  1. Plagiarism: Plagiarism is a serious violation of publication ethics. Starting from 2/1/2024 All manuscripts under review with IJAR will be subject to screening using plagiarism prevention software called Turnitin which is a service that helps editors verify the originality of papers. Manuscript with a similarity rate exceeding 20% will be returned to the author to ensoure the quality.
  2. Data Fabrication and Falsification: Data fabrication and falsification means the researcher did not really carry out the study, but made up data or results and had recorded or reported the fabricated information. Data falsification means the researcher did the experiment, but manipulated, changed, or omitted data or results from the research findings.
  3. Simultaneous Submission: Simultaneous submission occurs when a manuscript (or substantial sections from a manuscript) is submitted to a journal when it is already under consideration by another journal.
  4. Duplicate Publication: Duplicate publication occurs when two or more papers, without full cross referencing, share essentially the same hypotheses, data, discussion points, and conclusions.
  5. Redundant Publications: Redundant publications involve the inappropriate division of study outcomes into several articles, most often consequent to the desire to plump academic vitae.
  6. Improper Author Contribution or Attribution: All listed authors must have made a significant scientific contribution to the research in the manuscript and approved all its claims. Don’t forget to list everyone who made a significant scientific contribution, including students and laboratory technicians.
  7. Citation Manipulation: Citation Manipulation is including excessive citations, in the submitted manuscript, that do not contribute to the scholarly content of the article and have been included solely for the purpose of increasing citations to a given author’s work, or to articles published in a particular journal. This leads to misrepresenting the importance of the specific work and journal in which it appears and is thus a form of scientific misconduct.
  8. Sanctions: In the event that there are documented violations of any of the above mentioned policies in any journal, regardless of whether or not the violations occurred in a journal, the following sanctions will be applied: (i) Immediate rejection of the infringing manuscript, (ii)Immediate rejection of every other manuscript submitted to any journal published by any of the authors of the infringing manuscript, (iii) Prohibition will be imposed for a minimum of 24 months against all of the authors for any new submissions to any journal, either individually or in combination with other authors of the infringing manuscript, and (iv) Prohibition against all of the authors from serving on the Editorial Board of any journal.
        Once IJAR confirms a violation against IJAR’s publication ethics, IJAR addresses ethical concerns diligently following an issue-specific standard practice as summarized below:
  1. The first action of the journal Editor is to inform the Editorial Board of IJAR by supplying copies of the relevant material and a draft letter to the corresponding author asking for an explanation in a nonjudgmental manner.
  2. If the author’s explanation is unacceptable and it seems that serious unethical conduct has taken place, the matter is referred to the Publication Committee via Editorial Board.  After deliberation, the Committee will decide whether the case is sufficiently serious to warrant a ban on future submissions. 
  3. If the infraction is less severe, the Editor, upon the advice of the Publication Committee, sends the author a letter of reprimand and reminds the author of IJAR publication policies; if the manuscript has been published, the Editor may request the author to publish an apology in the journal to correct the record.
  4. Notification will be sent to corresponding author and any work by the author responsible for the violation or any work these persons coauthored that is under review by IJAR journal will be rejected immediately.
  5. In serious cases of fraud that result in retraction of the article, a retraction notice will be published in the journal and will be linked to the article in the online version. The online version will also be marked “retracted” with the retraction date.